Que Ucrânia, Bielorrússia e Rússia estão doidas para reaproveitar a ‘zona morta’ de Chernobyl, a gente já sabe. Primeiro, foi o turismo. Agora, Kiev quer iniciar um programa de agricultura planejada em áreas antes interditadas em função dos altíssimos níveis de radiação.
Os cientistas ainda divergem: alguns dizem que as espécies que lá serão cultivadas são imunes à radiação. Outros, dizem que o mercado pode ser inundado com produtos potencialmente cancerígenos, em função dos elementos presentes onde foram cultivados.
A grande questão é: caso sejam liberadas as culturas na zona de exclusão, será que essas folhas, flores e frutos terão algum tipo de aviso ‘produzido em Chernobyl/Pripyat/Gomel’? E será que as pessoas aceitariam consumir isso?
Assista ao vídeo do canal Russia Today. E confira a transcrição original – em inglês – abaixo.
Ukraine has plans to develop agricultural land in the Chernobyl exclusion zone. And the idea has enough supporters to be implemented – but still faces legal hurdles.
Although people do not live in Chernobyl anymore, the same cannot be said about flora and fauna. Some say it is the absence of humans in the Chernobyl exclusion zone which enabled nature to rapidly develop there.
The fallout from the catastrophic disaster at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in 1986 badly affected the environment. One area of forest was burned by radiation and turned red.
People left the area, but Mother Nature stepped in. Now Chernobyl is home to many species of wild animals and rare plants. Scientists from Slovakia studying moss in the area made an incredible discovery – a lot of plant life is immune to radiation.
It is still not known for sure how plants are able to grow and successfully reproduce in the radioactive Chernobyl area, says scientist Martin Hajduk.
“In the beginning of time, when life started to develop, there was much more radioactivity on the surface. So plants were developing with the radioactivity. This mechanism somehow stayed inside the plants, so they don’t have much problem adapting,” he explained RT.
Millions of hectares of land were left contaminated. A quarter of a century later, Kiev has now decided that this soil no longer poses any threat to humans.
In March 2011, Ukraine’s government will launch a plan to get things growing again.
It will be established which parts of the contaminated areas could be used for agricultural needs, said Vasily Zolotoverkh, head of the State Department of the Administration of the Exclusion Zone.
“There is a possibility that agricultural products will be grown there. When we have so much unoccupied land, why not use it?” he said in a press conference.
Those well familiar with Chernobyl like the idea.
Half a million people worked to clean this land of radioactivity, says Sergey Mirny, an ex-officer of Chernobyl radiation control.
“Now we’re being told this is dead land. This is not true. Just look at nature’s riches in the exclusion zone,” he said.
There are those worried about what could end up on the dinner table. Critics fear Ukrainian and Russian markets could be flooded with radioactive agricultural products. And there are legal hurdles, argues Aleksandr Dutov, from the Ukrainian Agriculture Ministry.
“Ukraine has a law regulating any activities in the exclusion zone,” he said. “It says no agricultural product can be grown on this land. And for now, experts see no possibility of this law being changed.”
The dominant view remains that the nearest safe zones from the plant are still hundreds of kilometers away, in northern Ukraine and some parts of Belarus. The dead zone in Chernobyl is still deemed too dangerous, despite some optimists. The fact is: radiation can stick around for as many as 24,000 years.
* A dica foi do twitter @Chernobyl25